HAI [Health Anxiety Inventory]

The HAI is a validated self-report scale measuring the severity of health anxiety and hypochondriasis. It can be used both for screening and monitoring purposes.

Created by Dr. Paul Salkovskis, Dr. Hillary Warwick, and and colleagues. This is the short form of the scale. Very minor additions (noted in square brackets) made to clarify for audience. The scale has been published by the authors and widely distributed. Permission is given for the scale to be used without modification.

More: doi:10.1017/s0033291702005822

Each question in this section consists of a group of four statements. Please read each group of statements carefully and then select the one which best describes your feelings over the past six months.

If you have already completed this scale in the past six months, please answer based on your feelings over the past week.















Negative Consequences

For the following questions, please think about what it might be like if you had a serious illness of a type which particularly concerns you (such as heart disease, cancer, multiple sclerosis, etc). Obviously you cannot know for certain what it would be like; but please give your best estimate of what you think might happen, basing your estimate on what you know about yourself and serious illness in general.






For the following questions, choose a number from the scale to show how much you would avoid each of the situations listed below because of fear or other unpleasant feelings.

1. Consulting your family doctor.

2. Visiting a friend in hospital.

3. Visiting a relative in hospital.

4. Going to a hospital for treatment.

5. Talking about illness.

6. Reading about illness.

7. Visiting a hospital for other reasons e.g. delivering a message.

8. Watching TV programmes [or internet videos] about illness.

9. Listening to radio programs [or podcasts] about illness.

10. Thinking about illness.


For the following questions, choose a number from the scale which best describes how often you seek reassurance about your health from each of the sources described below.

1. Friends.

2. Family.

3. Reading books [or research online].

4. Checking body for changes.

5. Family doctor.

6. Nurses.

7. Hospital outpatient clinic.

8. Hospital casualty [emergency room].


Self-report scales are for screening purposes only, and must be interpreted by a qualified health professional in conjunction with clinical assessment. They cannot be used alone for diagnostic or treatment purposes.